Mark met veel betekenissen

auteur: Mark Nieuwenhuizen
March 19, 2013

mark 1 |märk|
noun
1 a small area on a surface having a different color from its surroundings, typically one caused by accident or damage: the blow left a red mark down one side of her face.
• a spot, area, or feature on a person’s or animal’s body by which they may be identified or recognized: he was five feet nine, with no distinguishing marks.
2 a line, figure, or symbol made as an indication or record of something.
• a written symbol made on a document in place of a signature by someone who cannot write.
• a level or stage that is considered significant: unemployment had passed the two million mark.
• a sign or indication of a quality or feeling: the flag was at half-mast as a mark of respect.
• a characteristic property or feature: it is the mark of a civilized society to treat its elderly members well.
• a competitor’s starting point in a race.
• Nautical a piece of material or a knot used to indicate a depth on a sounding line.
• Telecommunications one of two possible states of a signal in certain systems. The opposite of space.
3 a point awarded for a correct answer or for proficiency in an examination or competition: many candidates lose marks because they don’t read the questions carefully | figurative : full marks to them for highlighting the threat to the rain forest.
• a figure or letter representing the total of such points and signifying a person’s score: the highest mark was 98 percent.
• (esp. in track and field) a time or distance achieved by a competitor, esp. one which represents a record or personal best.
4 (followed by a numeral) a particular model or type of a vehicle, machine, or device: a Mark 10 Jaguar.
5 a target: few bullets could have missed their mark.
• informal a person who is easily deceived or taken advantage of: they figure I’m an easy mark .

verb [ with obj. ]
1 make (a visible impression or stain) on: he fingered the photograph gently, careful not to mark it.
• [ no obj. ] become stained: it is made from a sort of woven surface which doesn’t mark or tear.
2 write a word or symbol on (an object), typically for identification: she marked all her possessions with her name | [ with obj. and complement ] : an envelope marked “private and confidential.”
• write (a word or figure) on an object: she marked the date down on a card.
• (mark something off) put a line by or through something written or printed on paper to indicate that it has passed or been dealt with: he marked off their names in a ledger.
3 show the position of: the top of the pass marks the border between Alaska and the Yukon.
• separate or delineate (a particular section or area of something): you need to mark out the part of the garden where the sun lingers longest.
• (of a particular quality or feature) separate or distinguish (someone or something) from other people or things: his sword marked him out as an officer.
• (mark someone out for) select or destine someone for (a particular role or condition): the solicitor general marked him out for government office.
• (mark someone down as) judge someone to be (a particular type or class of person): she had marked him down as a liberal.
• acknowledge, honor, or celebrate (an important event or occasion) with a particular action: to mark its fiftieth anniversary, the group held a fashion show.
• be an indication of (a significant occasion, stage, or development): the move to the new Globe theatre marked a new phase in Shakespeare’s writing career.
• (usu. be marked) characterize as having a particular quality or feature: the reaction to these developments has been marked by a note of hysteria.
• chiefly Brit.(of a clock or watch) show (a certain time): his watch marked five past eight.
4 (of a teacher or examiner) assess the standard of (a piece of written work) by assigning points for proficiency or correct answers: the teachers are given adequate time to mark term papers.
• (mark someone/something down) reduce the number of marks awarded to a student, candidate, or their work: I was marked down for having skipped the last essay question.
5 notice or pay careful attention to: he’ll leave you, you mark my words!
6 (of a player in a team game) stay close to (a particular opponent) in order to prevent them getting or passing the ball.

 

PHRASES
be quick (or slow ) off the mark be fast (or slow) in responding to a situation or understanding something.
get off the mark get started.
leave (or make ) its (or one’s or a ) mark have a lasting or significant effect: she left her mark on the world of foreign policy.
make one’s mark attain recognition or distinction.
mark time (of troops) march on the spot without moving forward. • pass one’s time in routine activities until a more favorable or interesting opportunity presents itself.
mark you chiefly Brit.used to emphasize or draw attention to a statement: I was persuaded, against my better judgment, mark you, to vote for him.
near (or close ) to the mark almost accurate: to say he was their legal adviser would be nearer the mark.
off (or wide of ) the mark 1 a long way from an intended target: his shot never is off the mark for long . 2 incorrect or inaccurate: the accusation was a little wide of the mark.
of mark dated having importance or distinction: he had been a man of mark.
on the mark correct; accurate.
on your marks used to instruct competitors in a race to prepare themselves in the correct starting position: on your marks, get set, go!
up to the mark of the required standard. • [ usu. with negative ] (of a person) as healthy or in as good spirits as usual: Johnny’s not feeling up to the mark at the moment.
PHRASAL VERBS
mark something down (of a retailer) reduce the indicated price of an item.
mark something up 1 (of a retailer) add a certain amount to the cost of goods to cover overhead and profit: they mark up the price of imported wines by 66 percent. 2 annotate or correct text for printing, keying, or typesetting.
ORIGIN Old English mearc, gemerce (noun), mearcian (verb), of Germanic origin; from an Indo-European root shared by Latin margo ‘margin.’

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